What are the different types of spikes in birds?

Without too much effort we can name different types of beaks in birds. There are more curved or more straight, longer or shorter, more 'flattened' or with greater relief. Do you know what these differences are due to? To the feeding of each species! Find out in this article.

The types of beaks in birds

Surely you have read or heard the phrase "nature is wise", which can not be more true. Every day we are more convinced that each species has what it needs and makes the most of it.

Each animal is endowed with physical attributes that allow it to interact with the environment. Birds they are not the exception and, therefore, we can find different types of peaks.

The reason why a hawk does not have the same peak as a hummingbird has to do with the feeding that each species carries: carrion and nectar, respectively. If everyone had the same peak, their diet would be identical. And that is not possible, since they do not live in the same ecosystems.

What types of peaks exist in birds

We can talk about a wide variety of types of peaks in the birds (we leave aside the other animals that also own them):

1. Hook-shaped

Possessed by scavengers or prey birds, as they need to tear and pull the flesh of animals they hunt or encounter. The beak is strongly anchored to the skull and is one of its hallmarks, since it is usually a striking color in relation to the rest of the body. For example, the bald eagle has a large yellow beak.

2. Triangular and small in shape

Granivorous birds feed mainly on small seeds and this is reflected in their beak, which is a tiny size, but fits perfectly with the rest of the body.

Canaries, sparrows and goldfinches are some examples of one of the smallest types of peaks that exist. However, they are robust and can break the seeds without problems.

3. In curved form

They could be compared to the beaks of birds of prey, but they are less strong and end in a sharper tip. The reason is simple: they use it to open fruits and extract the pulp or seed inside.

The curved beak has the macaws, parrots, parakeets and cockatoos, and also serves to hang head on a branch.

4. In elongated form

In this case we refer to the peak that insectivorous birds have. These species -among them the woodpecker, the swallow and the swallow- usually hunt their food on the fly or by introducing the peaks in deep holes -for example in the branch of a tree- to get food.

5 . In the form of 'spatula'

Waders are aquatic and have peaks of different shapes and sizes, but that meet two conditions: be flexible and long. In this way, they can dig deep into the water without having to dip their heads in.

6.With this, the small bird can feed on the nectar of flowers 'tube'.

We can also find other types of more specific peaks, such as the one with the pelicans: they have a kind of flexible 'bag' in the bottom part that allows them to store fish after catching them with a big puff.

And we can not forget the filtering birds and their long, hooked beaks , like that of flamingos. These serve to eliminate water and salts, and separate them from food.

Without a doubt, as far as birds are concerned, a phrase that adapts to the perfection is: "Tell me what kind of beak you have and I will tell you how you feed".

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