Defense mode of the spotted salamander
Many species of salamanders coexist on our planet. Generally, these amphibians usually have one or several defense mechanisms to avoid being captured or devoured. Today we are going to talk about the defense modes of one of them: the spotted salamander. Read on to discover more information and learn more about these elusive animals.
How is the spotted salamander?
Spotted salamander or spotted salamander ( Ambystoma maculatum >) is unmistakable. These small amphibians usually measure between 20 and 25 centimeters, including their tail.
We are talking about animals with a robust body, as well as short and strong limbs. Your eyes are well developed. Your coloring pattern is impressive : On your black or bluish-black body appear two rows of irregular yellow or orange spots. This coloring pattern will be discussed later in detail.
Despite its size and coloration, the spotted salamander shows little . They are animals that like underground hidden life. For example, they use the burrows or hiding places of other animals to hide. We can also find them sheltered under trunks or stones.
Their usual habitat is the deciduous forests of North America and Canada.
How do you defend the Spotted salamander?
As we said above, its primary defense mode is its color. The combination of striking tonalities is a warning for predators. This is known scientifically as aposematic coloration, and is not exclusive to the salamander: frogs, wasps and even some plant species use this strategy.
The following line of defense is also common to the Most salamanders. And it has to do, again, with your skin. A mucous fluid covers the whole body of the salamander , which makes it difficult to capture. Sometimes, this mucous substance causes bad taste or odor.
And we reached the third defensive barrier, the most striking. When it feels threatened, the spotted salamander is able to release a toxin. Through special glands located on its back and tail, secrete a toxic liquid that can cause annoying irritation , another mechanism to warn and warn predators.
Are there other defense mechanisms in salamanders?
There are cases like the common salamander ( Salamandra salamandra ). Apart from the previously mentioned defenses, these animals can 'attack' with the irritating liquid they secrete . Thanks to a series of suitably located glands, they are able to spray their attacker at a distance.
In the case of newts, relatives of salamanders, there is an exceptional case: the henbane ( Pleurodeles waltl ). This triton species, in addition to releasing the noxious liquid through its skin, uses its ribs as a defense. They rotate their ribs so that they protrude outside the skin, and cover them with the same liquid. This makes any approach by a predator end in a lesson. Simply exceptional.